Document Type : علمی- پژوهشی
Assistant Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Amin Military Sciences University (corresponding author)
Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Alzahra University
Associate Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Amin Military Sciences University
The purpose of the present study is to search and express the commonalities of the theories of educational psychologists with Attar's views on educational methods. Both educational psychologists and Muslim thinkers and mystics, including Attar Neyshabouri, have paid attention to the issue of human development and how it is. Attar is one of the greatest mystics of the sixth and early seventh centuries AH. His success in educating beginners (disciples) reveals the need to pay attention to his educational method. This research is a descriptive-analytical research. The method of collecting information is library-base and documentary. In order to achieve and analyze the results, a qualitative approach and content analysis strategy have been used. The statistical population of the research includes the full text of Attar Neyshabouri's books Mantiq al-Tair, Elāhināmeh and Misbatnāmeh.The main question of the research is which of the educational methods proposed in educational psychology has been used in these works and which of the methods used by Attar is close to the point of view of the educational psychologists. The findings show that several centuries ago, Attar used the methods that are presented today in the form of new theories of psychology to train educators. There are many theoretical similarities between Attar's educational methods and the theories of today's educational psychologists. The similarities of Attar's views with psychologists such as Rogers, Maslow, William James, John Dewey, Piaget, Brunner, Bandura, Luria, Vygotsky, Erickson, John Locke, Skinner, Thorndike, Ganymede and Gestalt psychologists are more than others.
Key words: Farid al-Din Attar, Mantiq al-Tair, Elāhināmeh, Misbatnāmeh, Educational Methods, Educational Psychology